China’s Economy:Internet Thinking Explored from An Economics Perspective

类别:宏观经济 机构:中国光大证券(香港)有限公司 研究员:光大证券(香港)研究所 日期:2014-04-14

If we are to remove the buzzwords in China, “Internet thinking” mustbe on the list. This is largely to do with the success of Xiaomi mobilephones which Ju Lei, founder of Xiaomi, has boldly attributed toInternet thinking. After Xiaomi, the public has become very interestedin Internet thinking and hopes to use it to revolutionize other sectorsand replicate Xiaomi’s success. However, what exactly is Internetthinking? So far there does not seem to have a definitive answer.

    Many simply dismiss it as a publicity gimmick or Xiaomi marketinghype.

    We believe the confusion is caused by the absence of a cleardefinition of the Internet thinking concept itself. This is exactly whatthe author is trying to explain from an economics perspective.

    In the author’s mind, Internet thinking does exist. Once the Internet isbeing used in businesses, traditional marketing models andphilosophies are revolutionized. Strictly speaking, the so-calledInternet thinking is a business model emerging from a vastcustomer base which has experienced tremendous baseexpansion and cost reduction enabled by the Internet. Theguiding principle of Internet thinking is this: “Ordinary people isking, user experience is priority, and scale is key”. Next, we shallengage the supply and demand analytical tools in economics toelaborate.

    Any given type of goods (service may also be defined as goods),may be rated differently by different users. Customers who are reallyin need of the goods will be willing to pay higher price while thosewith weak desire will only be willing to pay lower price. Therefore, asthe price of a product (or service) increases, the number ofcustomers willing to pay for it will decrease. If we translate this in agraph with price and quantity as the two axis, we will have adownward sloping demand curve that we are all familiar with. On theother hand, companies usually face increasing marginal cost. Thelarger the output, the higher the selling price required to make up forthe higher cost. Graphically, this is an upward sloping supply curve.

    The intersection of the demand and supply curves represents theactual transaction quantity and price.

    Under traditional production technologies, marginal costs ofproduction rise rapidly. This is because companies have limitedcapacities. When utilization closes to the maximum capacity,machine impairment and labour cost will drastically increase. Thismay also be a result of the companies’ limited marketing capacity sothat it needs to bear higher cost to promote the goods to morepeople. No matter what the reasons are, the endgame is that thecompanies can only serve so many customers. If we represent thisgraphically, we will have a rather steep supply curve. Theintersection of this supply and demand curves will not be too faraway from the origin. Let’s call this the “near end” of the demandcurve (Figure 1).



美尚生态 买入 -- 研报
东易日盛 买入 -- 研报
金螳螂 买入 -- 研报
全筑股份 买入 -- 研报
中设集团 买入 -- 研报
中国交建 买入 -- 研报
龙元建设 买入 -- 研报
杭萧钢构 买入 -- 研报
蒙草生态 买入 -- 研报
苏交科 买入 -- 研报
美晨生态 买入 -- 研报


中国化学 0.45 0.62 研报
中国中铁 0.31 0.30 研报
中国铁建 0.57 0.62 研报
中国交建 0.68 0.75 研报
中材国际 2.06 1.38 研报
中国建筑 0.38 0.51 研报
山东路桥 0 0 研报
安徽水利 0.75 0.79 研报
龙元建设 0.36 0.44 研报
中设集团 0 0 研报
苏交科 0.45 0.64 研报


贵州茅台 38 持有 持有
金风科技 35 持有 持有
三一重工 32 持有 持有
上汽集团 31 持有 持有
华鲁恒升 31 持有 持有
万科A 31 持有 买入
赣锋锂业 31 持有 持有
先导智能 31 持有 持有
贵州茅台 30 持有 持有
泸州老窖 30 持有 持有
光线传媒 30 持有 中性
海大集团 29 持有 持有
索菲亚 29 持有 持有
华鲁恒升 28 持有 持有
洋河股份 28 持有 持有
中顺洁柔 28 持有 买入
索菲亚 28 持有 持有


电子信息 972 118 241
生物制药 671 79 158
机械行业 630 87 193
化工行业 531 67 172
建筑建材 448 54 207
汽车制造 427 44 114
农林牧渔 420 32 144
交通运输 399 40 92
食品行业 368 36 113
金融行业 361 30 154
电子器件 353 63 66
房地产 335 48 71
商业百货 330 45 97
酿酒行业 306 19 69
酒店旅游 289 23 125
家电行业 255 19 71
服装鞋类 240 24 75