China’s Economy:Internet Thinking Explored from An Economics Perspective

类别:宏观经济 机构:中国光大证券(香港)有限公司 研究员:光大证券(香港)研究所 日期:2014-04-14

If we are to remove the buzzwords in China, “Internet thinking” mustbe on the list. This is largely to do with the success of Xiaomi mobilephones which Ju Lei, founder of Xiaomi, has boldly attributed toInternet thinking. After Xiaomi, the public has become very interestedin Internet thinking and hopes to use it to revolutionize other sectorsand replicate Xiaomi’s success. However, what exactly is Internetthinking? So far there does not seem to have a definitive answer.

    Many simply dismiss it as a publicity gimmick or Xiaomi marketinghype.

    We believe the confusion is caused by the absence of a cleardefinition of the Internet thinking concept itself. This is exactly whatthe author is trying to explain from an economics perspective.

    In the author’s mind, Internet thinking does exist. Once the Internet isbeing used in businesses, traditional marketing models andphilosophies are revolutionized. Strictly speaking, the so-calledInternet thinking is a business model emerging from a vastcustomer base which has experienced tremendous baseexpansion and cost reduction enabled by the Internet. Theguiding principle of Internet thinking is this: “Ordinary people isking, user experience is priority, and scale is key”. Next, we shallengage the supply and demand analytical tools in economics toelaborate.

    Any given type of goods (service may also be defined as goods),may be rated differently by different users. Customers who are reallyin need of the goods will be willing to pay higher price while thosewith weak desire will only be willing to pay lower price. Therefore, asthe price of a product (or service) increases, the number ofcustomers willing to pay for it will decrease. If we translate this in agraph with price and quantity as the two axis, we will have adownward sloping demand curve that we are all familiar with. On theother hand, companies usually face increasing marginal cost. Thelarger the output, the higher the selling price required to make up forthe higher cost. Graphically, this is an upward sloping supply curve.

    The intersection of the demand and supply curves represents theactual transaction quantity and price.

    Under traditional production technologies, marginal costs ofproduction rise rapidly. This is because companies have limitedcapacities. When utilization closes to the maximum capacity,machine impairment and labour cost will drastically increase. Thismay also be a result of the companies’ limited marketing capacity sothat it needs to bear higher cost to promote the goods to morepeople. No matter what the reasons are, the endgame is that thecompanies can only serve so many customers. If we represent thisgraphically, we will have a rather steep supply curve. Theintersection of this supply and demand curves will not be too faraway from the origin. Let’s call this the “near end” of the demandcurve (Figure 1).



中信证券 持有 -- 研报
华泰证券 中性 -- 研报
招商证券 中性 -- 研报
中信证券 中性 -- 研报
华策影视 持有 -- 研报
安达维尔 持有 20.79 研报
杉杉股份 持有 -- 研报
长园集团 持有 -- 研报
亿纬锂能 持有 -- 研报
金风科技 持有 -- 研报
国轩高科 持有 -- 研报


中航机电 0.51 0.50 研报
中航电子 0.46 0.37 研报
中直股份 0.38 0.37 研报
中国卫星 0.35 0.34 研报
内蒙一机 0.57 0.84 研报
国睿科技 0.50 0.77 研报
中航沈飞 0.54 0 研报
杰赛科技 0.57 0.56 研报
四创电子 0.48 0.47 研报
中航电测 0.59 0.52 研报
中信证券 0.73 0.42 研报


洋河股份 32 持有 买入
先导智能 31 持有 持有
水井坊 30 持有 持有
山西汾酒 30 持有 买入
中炬高新 30 持有 买入
伊利股份 30 持有 买入
分众传媒 30 持有 买入
恒立液压 29 持有 买入
五粮液 29 持有 持有
中信证券 28 持有 持有
三一重工 28 持有 持有
上汽集团 28 持有 持有
烽火通信 28 持有 持有
泸州老窖 28 持有 买入
金风科技 28 持有 持有
碧水源 28 持有 持有
博世科 28 持有 持有


电子信息 968 105 274
生物制药 643 74 108
汽车制造 629 42 166
机械行业 617 75 162
化工行业 587 56 163
农林牧渔 511 32 184
金融行业 478 28 212
食品行业 459 32 171
房地产 441 43 130
交通运输 440 37 79
酿酒行业 427 17 102
建筑建材 393 47 176
电子器件 352 62 106
酒店旅游 293 23 106
钢铁行业 290 22 120
商业百货 288 48 84
环保行业 288 18 63